Heres a picture of a spicebush that the butterflies host on:
Spicebush is a small deciduous tree up to 16 feet. The leaves
are soft and feel like velvet when they first appear on the tree. Flowers are pale yellow and hang on the leafless branches
in early spring. Red berries occur in late summer
Here is a herb that swallowtails butterflies enjoy:
Fennel is a host for Swallowtail Butterflies, which spend their
entire life cycle either on or near it, and as such, it is a valuable part of any garden habitat. The flowers also attract
beneficial bees. Be careful where you plant Fennel, however, as many other plants will not
do well in close proximity to it.
Don't wear perfume in the garden
unless you want to be pollinated
Here above is a photo of a Turtlehead:
Host plant for the Checkerspot butterfly, turtlehead grows
24"-30" high and produces spikes of bright pink flowers over dark green foliage. It prefers a moist soil and blooms August
through September. Full sun or part shade.
'Husker Red' Penstemon
Checkerspot butterflies seek out turtlehead (above) for egg laying. But half-grown
checkerspot caterpillars often seek out Penstemon as a food source. 'Husker Red' Penstemon has dark foliage and white to light
pink flower spikes in June and July. It grows 30"-36" high.
Another host plant that the butterflies like:
The monarch butterfly is sometimes called the "milkweed butterfly"
because its larvae eat the plant. In fact, milkweed is the only thing the larvae can eat! If you'd like to attract
monarchs to your garden, you can try planting milkweed (if you live in the right area).
A list of plants
|Common milkweed belongs to the Milkweed family. These plants are mostly
unbranched, finely hairy with stems 3 to 4 feet tall, but can grow up to 6 feet tall. |
The stems have a white, milky
sap. Leaves are large (up to 8 inches long and 4 1/2 inches wide), mostly opposite, are thick, oval, and short-stalked.
Leaves usually have pinkish veins. Flowers occur in rounded clusters of 25 to 140 at the tops of the stems or on stalks
arising from where the upper leaves join the main stem. Flowers are pinkish purple about 1/4 inch wide with 5 purplish,
reflexed petals surrounding 5 spreading, pinkish purple hoods, each with a tiny, pointed horn arising from it.